For what conditions or diseases is this medicine prescribed?
Finasteride (Proscar) is used alone or in combination with other medications (doxazosin [Cardura]) to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH, enlarged prostate). Finasteride is used to treat the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), such as frequent urination and difficulty urinating, and may reduce the chances of acute urinary retention (sudden inability to urinate). It can also decrease the chance that prostate surgery will be needed. Finasteride (Propecia) is also used to treat male hair loss (gradual thinning of hair on the head, causing the growth line on the forehead to recede or leading to baldness on the top of the head in men). Finasteride (Propecia) has not been shown to treat thinning hair at the temples, and it is not used to treat hair loss in women and children. Finasteride is in a class of medications called 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. Finasteride treats BPH by blocking the body’s production of a male hormone that causes the prostate to enlarge. Finasteride treats male hair loss by blocking the body’s production of a male hormone in the scalp that stops hair growth. Finasteride treats BPH by blocking the body’s production of a male hormone that causes the prostate to enlarge. Finasteride treats male hair loss by blocking the body’s production of a male hormone in the scalp that stops hair growth. Finasteride treats BPH by blocking the body’s production of a male hormone that causes the prostate to enlarge. Finasteride treats male hair loss by blocking the body’s production of a male hormone in the scalp that stops hair growth.
How should this medicine be used?
Finasteride comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day, with or without food. Take finasteride around the same time every day. Carefully follow the directions on the prescription medicine, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain anything you do not understand. Take finasteride exactly as directed. Do not increase or decrease the dose, or take it more often than directed by your doctor.
If you are taking finasteride to treat BPH, keep in mind that finasteride may control your condition, but it does not cure it. It may take 6 months or more before symptoms start to improve. Keep taking finasteride even if you feel fine. Do not stop taking finasteride without consulting your doctor.
If you are taking finasteride to treat male hair loss, it may take up to 3 months before you see any improvement because hair loss and growth occur slowly over time. However, you should expect to see some improvement during the first 12 months of your treatment. If you have been taking finasteride for 12 months and have not noticed any improvement, continuing treatment may not help. Ask your doctor whether or not you should continue the treatment.
Finasteride will only slow hair loss while you are taking the medicine. Keep taking finasteride even if you have already started to notice improvement. Do not stop taking finasteride without consulting your doctor. Hair that you grew while taking finasteride will likely fall out for the first 12 months after you stop taking the medicine.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a copy of the manufacturer’s information for the patient.
What other uses does this medication have?
This medicine may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking finasteride:
- tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to finasteride, any other medications, or any of the ingredients in finasteride tablets. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients or refer to the patient information.
- tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you closely for side effects.
- tell your doctor if you have or have ever had liver disease or prostate cancer.
- note that finasteride is used only in men. Women, especially those who are pregnant or who could become pregnant, should not come into contact with broken or crushed finasteride tablets. Coming in contact with broken or crushed finasteride tablets may harm the fetus. If a woman who is pregnant or who may become pregnant comes in contact with broken or crushed finasteride tablets, she should wash the area with soap and water immediately and call her doctor.
What should I do if I forget to take a dose?
Skip the missed dose and continue your normal medication schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for the one you forgot.
What are the side effects that this medicine could cause?
Finasteride can cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- inability to have or maintain an erection
- decreased sex drive
- problems with ejaculation (including decreased ejaculation volume)
- pain in the testicles
Some Side Effects Can Be Serious. If you have any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
- breast changes, such as enlargement, lumps, pain, or discharge from the nipples
- swelling of the lips and face
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
Finasteride can cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medicine.
Taking finasteride can increase your risk of developing high-grade prostate cancer (a type of prostate cancer that spreads and grows faster than other types of prostate cancer). Consult your doctor about the risks of taking finasteride.
If you develop a serious side effect, you or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Adverse Effects Disclosure Program ‘MedWatch’ at the website ( http: / /www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch ) or by phone at 1-800-332-1088.
How should I store or dispose of this medicine?
Keep this medicine in its original container, tightly closed and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature and in a place away from excess heat and humidity (never in the bathroom).
It is important to keep all medicines out of the sight and reach of children, because many containers (such as weekly pill boxes, and those containing eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not leak-proof. young children, who can easily open them. In order to protect them from poisoning, always wear safety caps and immediately place medications in a safe place, one that is up high and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org/es/
Medications that are no longer needed should be disposed of in an appropriate manner to ensure that pets, children, and others cannot consume them. However, you should not flush these medications down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medications is through a drug take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage / recycling department to learn about drug take-back programs in your community. Please refer to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) website, ( https://goo.gl/xRXbPn ) for more information on how to safely dispose of medications, if you do not have access to the medication take-back program.
what should I do in case of an overdose?
In the event of an overdose, call the Poison Control Helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help . If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or is unable to wake up, immediately call 911 for emergency services.
What other important information should I know?
Do not miss any appointments, not with your doctor or with the laboratory. Your doctor will order certain lab tests to see how your body responds to finasteride.
Before having any laboratory test, tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking finasteride.
Do not let anyone else take your medications. Ask your pharmacist how you can refill your prescription.
It is important that you keep a written list of all the medicines you are taking, including those you received with a prescription and those you bought without a prescription, including vitamins and diet supplements. You should have the list every time you visit your doctor or when you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information in emergencies.